Student Support and Advocacy

Examples of Bias

  • Ableism: prejudiced thoughts and discriminatory actions based on differences in physical, mental and/or emotional ability; usually that of able‐bodied/minded persons against people with illness, disabilities or less developed skills
  • AntiSemitism: the fear or hatred of Jews, Judaism and related symbols
  • Biphobia: the fear or hatred of persons perceived to be bisexual
  • Classism: prejudiced thoughts and discriminatory actions based on difference in socio‐economic status, income, class; usually by upper classes against lower classes
  • Discrimination: actions based on conscious or unconscious prejudice that favor one group over others in the provision of goods, services or opportunities
  • Hate Crime: hate crime legislation often defines a hate crime as a crime motivated by the actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability or sexual orientation of any person
  • Heterosexism: viewing the world only in heterosexual terms, thus denigrating other sexual orientations
  • Homophobia: the fear or hatred of homosexuality (and other non-heterosexual identities) and persons perceived to be gay or lesbian
  • Implicit Bias: occurs when someone consciously rejects stereotypes and supports antidiscrimination efforts but also holds negative associations in his/her mind unconsciously
  • Ingroup Bias: the tendency for groups to “favor” themselves by rewarding group members economically, socially, psychologically and emotionally in order to uplift one group over another
  • Islamophobia: the fear or hatred of Muslims, Islam and related symbols
  • Marginalized: excluded, ignored or relegated to the outer edge of a group/society/community
  • Micro aggression: everyday insults, indignities and demeaning messages sent to historically marginalized groups by well-intentioned members of the majority group who are unaware of the hidden messages being sent
  • Oppression: results from the use of institutional power and privilege where one person or group benefits at the expense of another; oppression is the use of power and the effects of domination
  • Prejudice: a preconceived judgment about a person or group of people, usually indicating negative bias
  • Racism: prejudiced thoughts and discriminatory actions based on difference in race/ethnicity.
  • Sexism: prejudiced thoughts and discriminatory actions based on difference in sex/gender.
  • Silencing: the conscious or unconscious processes by which the voice or participation of particular social identities is excluded or inhibited
  • Stereotype: blanket beliefs, unconscious associations and expectations about members of certain groups that present an oversimplified opinion, prejudiced attitude or uncritical judgment. Stereotypes go beyond necessary and useful categorizations and generalizations in that they are typically negative, are based on little information and are highly generalized.
  • System of Oppression: conscious and unconscious, nonrandom, and organized harassment, discrimination, exploitation, discrimination, prejudice and other forms of unequal treatment that impact different groups
  • Transphobia: the fear or hatred of persons perceived to be transgender and/or transsexual
  • Xenophobia: the fear or hatred of foreigners